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Understanding Federal and State Incentive Programs for Solar Energy

incentive programs for solar energy

Did you know that transitioning to solar energy not only benefits the environment but can also be financially rewarding? Thanks to federal and state incentive programs, installing solar panels on your house is more accessible and affordable than ever. These programs are designed to encourage using clean energy and reduce our carbon footprint. 

In this article, we’ll dive deep into the federal solar tax credit and explore how you can maximize your savings by combining federal and state incentives. Let’s start on this enlightening journey towards sustainable living and significant cost savings.

What Are Federal and State Incentive Programs for Solar Energy?

Federal and state incentive programs for solar energy are designed to facilitate the adoption of solar power through financial benefits. At the federal level, incentives often include tax credits, such as the Investment Tax Credit, which lets homeowners and businesses deduct a portion of their solar installation costs from their taxes. 

State incentives can vary widely, including rebates, grants, property and sales tax exemptions, and net metering policies that compensate solar energy producers for the electricity they add to the grid. These programs seek to make solar energy more affordable and accessible, supporting renewable energy growth and environmental sustainability.

What Is the Federal Solar Tax Credit?

The Federal Solar Tax Credit, also recognized as the Investment Tax Credit (ITC), is a financial incentive that reduces the cost of installing solar systems on residential (as well as commercial) premises. Established by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the ITC allows taxpayers to deduct a percentage of the cost of installing a solar energy plan from their federal taxes. The aim of the credit is to encourage the adoption of solar energy in the United States, leading to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the promotion of clean energy use.

How the Solar Tax Credit Works

The solar tax credit functions by reducing the amount of income tax that one owes to the federal government. When you install a new solar energy system, a percentage of the total system cost can be claimed as a credit on your federal tax return. For example, if the solar tax credit rate is 26%, and your solar energy system costs $10,000, you would be eligible for a $2,600 credit on your taxes. It’s important to note that the ITC applies only to the owner of the system, so you must buy the system outright or finance it to claim the credit. The solar tax credit is nonrefundable, meaning you can only take advantage of the credit if you owe federal taxes.

Am I Eligible to Claim the Federal Solar Tax Credit?

The federal solar tax credit is a substantial incentive for homeowners in the United States to adopt solar energy by installing solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. This credit can make going solar more affordable and accessible. Here are the key eligibility criteria explained:

Installation Date

Your solar PV system needs to be installed between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2034. This timeframe ensures that the installation is recent, encouraging more homeowners to transition to renewable energy within this period. It’s designed to boost solar energy adoption while the tax credit is available.


The solar system must be installed at a residence you own within the United States. This stipulation aims to promote residential solar energy use in the U.S., fostering local energy independence and reducing carbon footprints. Whether it’s your primary or secondary residence, the location must be within U.S. territories.


You must own the solar PV system, signifying you purchased it outright or through financing options. Ownership implies that you bear the capital and maintenance costs, distinguishing from leasing agreements where you don’t own the system or purchase power agreements where you only buy the electricity produced.

Community Solar Projects

If you’ve invested in a community solar project, you may be eligible if that investment is allocated towards your home’s energy consumption without exceeding it. This option broadens accessibility to solar energy beyond individual residential installations, particularly benefiting those without suitable conditions for private solar systems.

New or First-Time Use

The system must be new or being used for the first time. This condition ensures that the tax credit supports the installation of new systems rather than the resale or reuse of existing systems, promoting the expansion of solar energy infrastructure.

How Do I Claim the Federal Solar Tax Credit in 2024?

To claim the federal solar tax credit in 2024, you need to follow specific steps during your tax filing process. This credit can significantly reduce your federal tax bill and is available to homeowners who have installed a solar energy system. Below are the detailed steps to ensure you properly claim the solar investment tax credit (ITC):

Determine Eligibility

First, verify that you own your solar system, as leased systems do not qualify. You must also have sufficient tax liability to apply the credit; if your tax bill is lower than the credit amount, the remaining balance can be carried over to the next tax year.

Complete IRS Form 5695

This form calculates the credit amount you can claim from your solar energy system installation. Gather all necessary documentation regarding the solar installation costs and fill out the form according to the instructions. This step is crucial as it determines the credit amount based on your expenses.

Include in Schedule 3 and Form 1040

After completing Form 5695, transfer the credit amount to Schedule 3, which is used for claiming various credits, including the ITC. Then, integrate this with your Form 1040, the main tax return form, ensuring that your solar tax credit is applied to reduce your total tax bill.

Frequently Asked Questions

incentive programs for solar energy

Can I combine federal solar tax credits with state incentives?

Yes, in most cases, you can merge the federal solar tax credit with state incentives to maximize your savings on a solar energy system. This approach lets homeowners take advantage of multiple financial benefits, making solar energy systems more affordable and accessible. However, it’s important to research your state’s specific rules and requirements, as they can vary.

Are there additional state incentives available for installing a solar energy system?

Many states present additional incentives, such as rebates, grants, or tax credits, for installing solar energy systems. These can vary significantly from state to state, so it’s advisable to check with your local energy department or a professional solar consultant to understand what additional benefits might be available in your area.

Is there a deadline to claim the federal solar tax credit for solar installations?

While the current provisions for the federal solar tax credit are set to expire at the end of 2034, it’s important to plan your solar installation and tax filing accordingly. Ensure your system is installed before the deadline to qualify, and claim the credit in the tax year following the installation. Be mindful of changes in legislation that could affect this timeline.


It is undeniable that the federal solar tax credit, alongside various state incentives, provides a substantial opportunity to reduce the initial cost of solar energy systems, promoting a shift towards sustainable living. These incentives not only make solar energy more accessible but also contribute significantly to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

If you’re considering making the switch to solar, Integrity Roofing can help. Contact us today to learn more about our solar panel installation and how you can take full advantage of federal and state solar incentives to save on your energy costs.

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